Aging is a natural process that happens to everyone. As people age, their health needs change, and they may require different types of care. There are five essential health services that all seniors should receive to maintain their health and well-being. These services are important for promoting independence and preventing illness and injury.
So if you’re a senior or you care for a senior, make sure that these five essential health services are part of their care plan.
1. Preventive Care and Screenings
With age comes an increased risk for certain health conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and memory problems. That’s why seniors need to receive preventive care and screenings for these conditions.
Preventive care can help find problems early when they’re easier to treat. It can also help prevent health problems from developing in the first place. Screenings are tests that look for signs of disease before there are any symptoms.
Some preventive care and screenings that seniors should receive include:
- A yearly physical exam
- A yearly flu shot
- A pneumonia vaccine
- A colon cancer screening
- A mammogram
- A bone density test
This is not an exhaustive list, so be sure to talk to your doctor about what preventive care and screenings are right for you.
2. Chronic Disease Management
One in four Americans has a chronic disease, such as heart disease, diabetes, or arthritis. These conditions are long-lasting and often require ongoing treatment. Chronic disease management is the process of managing a chronic illness to minimize its symptoms and improve quality of life.
Chronic disease management usually involves working with a team of health care professionals, including a primary care doctor, specialists, and a pharmacist. It may also involve lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet, and getting regular exercise.
3. Home Care Services
For seniors who wish to age in place, home care services can be immensely helpful. Home care aides can provide assistance with activities of daily living such as bathing, dressing, and grooming. They can also help with light housekeeping tasks, errands, and transportation.
Home care services are typically provided by agencies or individual caregivers. When choosing a residential care home provider, be sure to do your research to find a reputable and trustworthy company.
Here are a few questions to ask when considering a home care agency:
- How long has the agency been in business?
- Does the agency have experience caring for seniors with your loved one’s condition?
- What are the agency’s policies for background checks and references?
- What are the fees for services, and what do they cover?
Not all home care agencies are created equal, so it’s important to do your homework before selecting one.
4. Mental Health Services
Mental health is just as important as physical health. Unfortunately, mental health problems are common among seniors. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, about 20% of adults aged 55 or older face some type of mental health issue.
Depression is the most common mental health problem among seniors, but anxiety, dementia, and substance abuse are also concerns. Mental health problems can lead to social isolation, decreased quality of life, and even suicide.
If you or a loved one is experiencing mental health problems, don’t hesitate to seek help. Mental health services can be provided by a variety of providers, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors.
5. Palliative Care and Hospice
Hospice care is a type of end-of-life care that focuses on quality of life and comfort rather than cure. It is typically provided to patients with a terminal illness who have a life expectancy of six months or less. Hospice care can be provided in the home, in a hospice facility, or in a hospital.
Palliative care is similar to hospice care, but it can be provided to patients with a chronic illness at any stage of their disease. Like hospice care, palliative care is also focused on comfort rather than cure.
A team of health care professionals can provide hospice and palliative care services, including doctors, nurses, social workers, chaplains, and volunteers. These services can help seniors manage pain, cope with emotions, and make the most of their remaining time.
With aging comes an increased need for health care services. However, there’s no need to feel overwhelmed. By familiarizing yourself with the types of services available, you can make sure your loved one gets the care they need to age with dignity and comfort.
When it comes to health care, knowledge is power. Use this information to advocate for your loved ones and ensure they get the best possible care.